Do You Know It: Most Common Types of Weight Loss Surgery


Weight Loss Surgery –  Having an ideal body shape is everyone’s dream. Some people are blessed with naturally perfect body shape while some others have to struggle to achieve this dream. If you belong to the second group, there are several methods of losing weight you might be familiar with. While diet programs and vigorous workouts are sometimes considered a torture, surgery turns up as an easy and fast solution to shed fat.

Speaking of weight loss surgery, there are some types commonly known in medical realm. The followings are types of surgery to lose weight along with the pros and cons.

Most Common Weight Loss Surgery Types

In some conditions, surgery is strongly recommended instead of other methods to lose weight. This is according to the fact that the main purpose of bariatric (weight loss) surgery is to minimize medical problems potentially caused by weight loss program. While performing diet programs and workouts may lead to fatality, surgery is considered the best way to take. This method helps shed fat and lower the risk of medical problem particularly for people with obesity. Nowadays, however, it cannot be denied that weight loss surgery is also carried out for aesthetic purpose.

How does bariatric surgery works? Actually, there are two ways of how bariatric surgery contributes to weight loss. The first is Restriction, in which the surgery is conducted to limit the amount of food your stomach can hold. This method will directly limit the calories that you can take. On the other side, there is also Malabsorption, in which the surgery is performed to shorten the small intestine that will reduce the amount of nutrients and calories absorbed by your body.

Apart from the two conventional ways of practicing weight loss surgery, recently there is the third way that is considered effective to support weight loss. The third method is known as implanting electrical device to interrupt the nerve signal. You might have ever heard the communication between brain and stomach to send you a sign that you are hungry.

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This method is performed by implanting a device to interrupt the nerve signal between brain and stomach, allowing your stomach not to receive hungry signal too often. When it comes to types of weight loss surgery, there are four most common types which are; adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass surgery, and biliopancreatic diversion.

Each surgery type has pros and cons; hence you need to find detail information about those types as follows.

1. Adjustable Gastric Banding

Also known as laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, this surgery procedure involves the placement of inflatable balloon around the upper part of your stomach and it is fixed in place. This procedure creates small stomach pouch with a narrow opening. The next step is placing a port under the abdomen skin. A is then needed to connect the port to the balloon. Fluid injection or removal through this port will inflate or deflate the balloon. What is the purpose of this surgery procedure? Adjustable gastric banding helps restrict the amount of food that can be held by your stomach, allowing you to get full sooner. Yet, it does not reduce nutrients or calories absorption.

This surgery is simple and is quite safe compared to other surgery procedures. You will receive small scar and rapid recovery. In case you want to remove the balloon, you can simply do another surgery for removal. Unfortunately, people with gastric banding usually experience dramatic weight loss. It may also cause side effect such as vomiting, especially after eating too quickly or too much.

Types of Weight Loss Surgery


2. Sleeve Gastrectomy

This weight loss surgery involves part of stomach removal. During the procedure, the surgeon will separate certain part of your stomach and remove it from your body. The remaining part will be formed into tube-like structure. This kind of surgery allows you to receive less food as your stomach is smaller. It also affects to the production of hormone ghrelin which is known to regulate appetite. However, sleeve gastronomy does not affect to nutrients and calories absorption.

This surgery type might be efficient for people with obesity as sleeve gastronomy is quite simple. It is also less risky compared to other procedures. Unfortunately, the procedure is irreversible that you cannot take the stomach part back to the place.

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3. Gastric Bypass Surgery

Also known as Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass, this surgery procedure divides your stomach into two parts, upper and lower section. The upper section will be sealed off from the lower. Then, the surgeon will connect the upper section directly to your small intestine. In other words, this procedure is making shortcut inside your stomach, allowing your body to absorb lower calories from the foods.
Gastric bypass surgery is known as a dramatic weight loss surgery that it offers rapid effect to the patient. The effect remains up to 2 years after the surgery. Some also mention that the effect lasts until 10 years or longer. Yet, this procedure also has cons.

Since your body cannot absorb the calories and nutrients properly, chances are that your body will experience nutrient deficiency. The loss of iron and calcium potentially leads to anemia and osteoporosis. Besides, creating shortcut inside the stomach means you dump the food before it has been properly digested. This may cause several problems such as diarrhea, sweating, pain, or bloating.

4. Biliopancreatic Diversion

Among other types of weight loss surgery, biliopancreatic diversion might be the most dramatic one. The surgery procedure will remove 70 percent of your stomach and bypass the section to small intestine. This method combines sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass at the same time. The different part is when the surgeon reattached the separated section of intestine to the end of intestine that allows bile and pancreatic juice to flow into this part.

This method provides faster and greater result in weight loss compared to gastric bypass, however, biliopancreatic diversion is known as the riskiest and most complicated surgery because it potentially causes hernia.

In a nut shell, different types of weight loss surgery allow you to shed fat and lose weight in different way. At the time you plan to have one, make sure you understand the risk. Do not forget to consult your physician about the benefit and risk that you will get for taking certain procedure.


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